Trove Tuesday – Ewe Turn

From the Bendigo Advertiser, via the Hamilton Spectator comes a story from  1868 and the Byaduk Caves.  It features an M.P., an ungrateful sheep, plenty of action and athletic prowess and a band of impressed onlookers.

SUICIDE OF MADEMOISELLE MARIE ST. DENIS. (1868, October 26). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from

SUICIDE OF MADEMOISELLE MARIE ST. DENIS. (1868, October 26). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from



James Stewart Butters became Mayor of Melbourne in 1867 at the age of thirty-five.  He held the position for a year then moved to the Legislative Assembly in the seat of Portland in 1868, the same year as his feat at the Byaduk Caves.  The following year he found himself caught up in a Parliamentary corruption case and was expelled only to return to his seat a few months later.  He spent time in Fiji and then returned to Victoria and returned to the Parliament.

The events at Byaduk Caves  support his  biography by A.C. Milner in the Australian Dictionary of Biography .  Milner writes

“…this tall, powerful Scotsman displayed immense energy and a bold sense of adventure. The strands of his character were evident in his mountain climbing in Scotland as a boy, investing in the colonies, sailing alone in a Fiji hurricane and tampering with the proper workings of parliament. But an element of recklessness is easily detected, though a hearty and genial personality saved him from much condemnation during his life”.

JAMES STEWERT BUTTERS (1867). Image courtesy of the State Library of Victoria. Image no. H5672

JAMES STEWART BUTTERS (1867). Image courtesy of the State Library of Victoria. Image no. H5672




The Harmans of Byaduk

I grew up in Hamilton, with Byaduk only about 20 kilometres from my home.  I passed through it on trips to coastal Port Fairy, visited the nearby dormant volcano Mt Napier with school and heard stories about the Byaduk caves.  Never for a minute did I know that I had any link to the small town with its drystone fences and rocky paddocks.

I  had heard of the Harmans from the conversations of my great uncles and aunties,  but when I asked who they were Nana would just say they are “cousins”, so I figured they were not that closely related.  It was not until I started finding out more about my family tree and Nana told me all the names she knew, I discovered that her mother Sarah was a Harman.

My Great Grandmother Sarah Elizabeth Harman

When first researching, I would look through records for certain family names and would often come up with very little. That was until I started on the Harmans.  There was loads of information and they soon became my favourite family, and not just for the ease of researching them.  I discovered an upstanding, religious family that always dotted the i’s and crossed the t’s.  A family that got involved in the community whether it be building schools, ploughing competitions, the Methodist church, or the Farmers Union.  Back in the late 1800s and early 1900s,  they were a well-known family in the district.

Coming to Australia in three separate groups, Joseph and Sarah Harman and their mostly grown-up children, reunited in Port Fairy during the mid-1850s.  They established themselves in the town, but with the land opening up in 1861 they moved to newly settled Byaduk around 1863.  Joseph was the first bootmaker in the town, while sons James, Jonathon, and Reuben began farming the stony land.  George, who was second eldest, seemed to have no wish to farm and by the late 1860s had returned to Port Fairy where he worked for the local council.

The family grew and by the turn of the century, another generation of Harmans were raising families with the union of marriage linking them to other well-known families in the district, including the Kinghorns, Bishops, and Olivers.  The family was also beginning to branch out to other parts of the state, including Gippsland. In 1907, three members of the Harman family appear in a photograph of Byaduk pioneers, James, Jonathan, and Reuben’s wife Elizabeth.

Byaduk Pioneers 1907

I eventually left Hamilton and did not return to Byaduk until the 1990s to visit the cemetery.  By this time I knew something of the Harman’s standing in the community but had not realised that there was so much recognition of it.  While not that surprised to find a road named after them, I was surprised the Byaduk Caves had the names, Harman’s Cave No 1 and Harman’s Cave No 2 and that the volcanic lava flow that runs from Mt Napier to Byaduk is called “Harman Valley”.  Also, the Byaduk area has been recognised as part of the Kanawika Global Geopark

The Harman Valley, Byaduk

The name of Harman is not common in  Byaduk today but I am proud that ongoing recognition of their presence there is ensured.