CAMERON, Edith Clare

NAME: Edith Clare CAMERON             



DATE OF ENLISTMENT: 28 November 1914


UNIT: Australian Army Nursing Service

EMBARKED:  5 December 1914


FATE: Returned to Australia – March 1919

AWARDS: Royal Red Cross (2nd Class)

Museum Victoria Collections Accessed 10 October 2016

EDITH CAMERON Museum Victoria Collections
Accessed 10 October 2016

Edith Cameron was born at Straun, Merino in 1889 to Ewan Cameron and Emma Harriet Nunn. Edith attended Alexandra College in Hamilton (below) where she was a top student.

ALEXANDRA COLLEGE, HAMILTON. Image courtesy of the State Library of Victoria

When Edith was around eleven, her father became a Member of the Legislative Assembly for the seat of Portland and the family was spending most of their time in Melbourne because of Ewan’s parliamentary duties. Edith moved to Presbyterian Ladies College in Melbourne. When she was seventeen, her father died.

After finishing school, Edith trained as a nurse at Melbourne Hospital and completed her midwifery certificate at McKellar House (below) at Hamilton Hospital.


A member of the Royal Victorian Trained Nurses Association, Edith went to work at the Melbourne Hospital in April 1911. When war broke, Edith was among the early intakes of nurses. At the time, she was a staff nurse, in charge of the surgical ward at the Melbourne Hospital, a role she had held since June 1914. On 20 November 1914, Edith was part of a send-off for forty-three nurses at the Grand Hotel in Melbourne. She was attached to the 1st Australian General Hospital (1st AGH)and sailed for Egypt two weeks later.

Edith remained in Egypt for around fifteen months until the 1st AGH moved to Rouen, France in March 1916. Instead, Edith went first to the British 26th General Hospital in Estaples, France then the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station (No.1 CCS) at Estaires. She arrived there on 25 May 1916 with six other nurses and remained there for a year.

After a few months back with the 1st AGH at Rouen, Edith sailed for England. Over the next five weeks, she nursed at the 1st and 2nd Australian auxiliary hospitals. On 20 December 1917, Edith left England for Australia as a nursing sister on AT54 Runic 

SS RUNIC. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial

Edith’s service records don’t show it but it would seem she went back to Egypt again because on 28 April 1918, she sailed to Sydney from Egypt suffering from a debility due to malaria. By then, she had been honoured with the Royal Red Cross medal (2nd class) ‘in recognition of her valuable services.  Edith sailed again on 9 November 1918 from Sydney to Egypt.  Over three months she spent time at the 31st General Hospital at Port Said and the 71st British General Hospital.  Edith left Egypt on 5 February 1919 as was on nursing duty during the voyage. She was discharged on 23 May 1919.

In August 1919, Edith was admitted as an associate of the Royal Red Cross.  At the time she was working as a charge sister at Mont Park Military Hospital.

MONT PARK HOSPITAL NURSES AND MATRON c1919. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial

After her time at Mont Park, she became superintendent of the Victorian Bush Nursing Association. She was also a member of the Returned Army Nurses Club. In 1927, Edith travelled to South Africa for a holiday. By 1939, Edith was “house mother” at the new Union House, Melbourne University. She never married and died at Armadale in 1969.


Australian War Memorial – WW1 Embarkation Roll – Edith Clare Cameron

Australian War Memorial – Honours and Awards – Edith Clare Cameron

Discovering Anzacs – WW1 Service Record – Edith Clare Cameron

East Melbourne Historical Society – Edith Clare Cameron

Newspaper Articles from Trove – Edith Clare Cameron

The AIF Project – Edith Clare Cameron