The General Hewitt – Portland Bay 1856

When I read pioneers’ obituaries, a ship comes up time and again, the General Hewitt.  The ship, also called the General Hewett, was a convict ship and later an immigrant ship, sailing to Moreton Bay in 1854 .  The voyage I will focus on was to Portland Bay in  1856.  And what a voyage it was.

On May 5, 1856, the Geelong Advertiser’s correspondent in London wrote:

LONDON. (1856, July 16). Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (Vic. : 1851 - 1856), p. 2 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93142901

LONDON. (1856, July 16). Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (Vic. : 1851 – 1856), p. 2 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93142901

The General Hewitt left Plymouth, England on July 5, 1856, and arrived at Portland on October 9, 1856.   Many of the passengers would become some of the finest pioneers of the Western District and the South-East of South Australia and beyond.  A mix of English, Scottish and Irish, the passengers were described as being “of a very useful and eligible class”

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The General Hewitt also carried much needed supplies from the home country, whiskey, brandy, gin and champagne.  There was also some practical cargo such as clothing and haberdashery, garden seeds and glassware.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1856, October 13). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567020

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1856, October 13). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567020

The single females from the ship were available to hire from £15 to £26 for a domestic.  Married couples could be employed at a rate of £40-£45.  While most of the immigrants were “suitable” there were some crew members that were not, resulting in an eventful voyage, with a mutiny attempt no less.

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. (1856, October 13). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567019

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. (1856, October 13). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567019

The drama did not stop once the ship arrived at Portland Bay.  Four crew members left the ship on a raft.  Ten others had been locked up and five on the ship were refusing to work.

POLICE COURT. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567053

POLICE COURT. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567053

On October 14, the two men accused of assault, William Jose and Joseph Barrow appeared in the Portland Police Court, as did the 10 men refusing duty.  Their names included Able Seamen  Millard, Gash, Parry, Gudridge, Gashar and Howson the sail maker.  They received four months hard labour.

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POLICE COURT. (1856, October 15). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567037

POLICE COURT. (1856, October 15). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567037

The General Hewitt’s arrival was kept the Police Court busy.  On October 15, one of the immigrants, Henry Haley appeared for being found in the Government Immigration Depot without permission.  Four more crewmen appeared for refusing duty, Daniel Newbury, Joseph Steel, George Rumbellow and William Dowell.  Their sentences ranged from 12 weeks to four months imprisonment.

The trial of William Jose and Joseph Barrow for the assault on Captain Christopher H. Loutitt continued.

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POLICE COURT. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567053

POLICE COURT. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567053

Advertising. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567048

Advertising. (1856, October 17). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567048

The General Hewitt was already low on crew when, on November 7, two more absconded, the steward, William Thomas an John Carroll the cook.  They had the diggings in their sights, but instead they ended up digging roads.

POLICE COURT. (1856, November 10). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567197

POLICE COURT. (1856, November 10). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64567197

A Police Constable kept watch on board the General Hewitt to prevent any more crew jumping ship.  Captain Loutitt travelled to Melbourne in search of more crew.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1856, November 27). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7140721

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1856, November 27). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7140721

Sixty-two years after the arrival of the General Hewitt, the death of John. S Andrew aka John Forster, brought to light more about the crew of the General Hewitt.  John Andrew was a crew member that bolted, ending up at Muntham near Casterton, where he remained for the rest of his life.  According to John’s obituary, other men of the district that were members of the crew included Messers Rooking and Gasperino.

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Passed Away. (1918, October 10). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74222260

Passed Away. (1918, October 10). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly.. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74222260

The obituary of William Rooking outed by John Andrew as an escaped crewmen

OBITUARY. (1901, June 14). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73027645

OBITUARY. (1901, June 14). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73027645

Now to the passengers.  As I’m currently tied to home, I didn’t think I could get access to the General Hewitt’s passenger list, so I thought I would find some of the passengers using Trove and a bit of Googling followed by a cross check with the PROV Online Shipping records.  While I did not come close to the “363 souls” on board, I did find around 70. Some of  those continued to live in the Western District or just across the border in the South East of South Australia.

Then, a need to double cross check and a feeling of guilt about omitting the other 290 or so passengers, I thought I would give Ancestry.com.au a go.  Using the Victoria, Australia, Assisted and Unassisted Passenger Lists 1839-1923, I searched with General Hewitt in the Keywords field and the year 1856 and the list came up.  Early excitement faded rapidly when I realised the work another 290 names were going to bring and the transcribing of the passenger list was far from perfect.  The Cameron family had become the Cameau family, to name just one discrepancy.

As I’ve pottered away on this post for a few weeks, I have decided to just feature those passengers that had their voyage on the General Hewitt mentioned in their obituaries, plus a couple of others I found on the Glenelg and Wannon Settlers site.  Maybe, one day when I am stuck for something to do, I may start working my way through the other “souls” and share them with you.

ARTHUR, JOHN & PHILLIPPA   – John and Phillippa Arthur did not stay in Victoria long after their arrival, moving to Callington about 60 kilometres east of Adelaide. PROV Passenger List Index:  http://tinyurl.com/c8a8jfj

OBITUARY. (1912, August 3). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 42. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88699759

OBITUARY. (1912, August 3). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 – 1954), p. 42. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88699759

ELIAS AND JOHN BATESON:  Elias and John from Cambridgeshire took up work with Edmund Kirby (father of John Kirby) at “Spring Bank” near Sandford. PROV Passenger Index: http://tinyurl.com/am9k8f7

BEST FAMILY:  William and Letitia  Best and their family of seven children were from County Cavan, Ireland and settled at Heywood.   PROV record – http://tinyurl.com/c2l5ekh

The obituaries of three of the children follow:

John was 20 at the time of his arrival at Portland.

First Issue, August 20, 1842. (1907, October 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63967003

First Issue, August 20, 1842. (1907, October 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63967003

Margaret Best married James Bell a member of another of Heywood’s pioneering families.

OBITUARY. (1933, September 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64283449

OBITUARY. (1933, September 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64283449

Letitia Best married Donald Rankin.  After her marriage, she lived in Harrow, Western Australia and Heywood.

OBITUARY. (1941, August 25). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64401403

OBITUARY. (1941, August 25). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64401403

COULSON FAMILY – Christopher and Mary Frances Coulson were originally from Yorkshire and later London.  They sailed on the General Hewitt with their four children aged 4 to 14.  I have previously written about Christopher in the post  I Wish I Were Related To Christopher Coulson.  One of their sons, Francis married my ggg aunt, Harriet Martha Diwell, daughter of William and Margaret.  PROV Passenger Index:  http://tinyurl.com/babw5x2

The obituary of Christopher Coulson Snr.

PERSONAL. (1904, July 28). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4991780

PERSONAL. (1904, July 28). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 – 1931), p. 6. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4991780

Passed Away. (1916, April 10). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74485266

Passed Away. (1916, April 10). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74485266

BREEZE FAMILY:  Or is it the Breese family?  As listed on the PROV Index, Thomas and Ann Breeze and their children were aboard the General Hewitt.  However, the following letter indicates their name have been Breese.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/avj5sse

The letter is from William G. Breese, son of Thomas and Ann.  William was just seven when he arrived at Portland Bay, but 73 years later he was able to recount the voyage particularly the attempted mutiny.

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Nautical History. (1929, April 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64269148

Nautical History. (1929, April 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64269148

DWYER, EDMOND – I am yet to find the fate of the General Hewitt, however, Edmond Dwyer’s obituary states the ship was destroyed by fire after one more trip to Australia.  The General Hewitt did make one other trip to Australia landing at  Port Adelaide in 1858.

Edmond’s obituary is also useful in that it mentions other passengers on the ship  – the Heaneys and Messers Roulston and Waters.  I can find each of these passengers but I cannot find a passenger under the name of Cannon he mentions.

There were three other Dwyers on the General Hewitt, but I have not been able to find if they are linked to Edmond.  They were:  Catherine (22), Johanna (27), Denis (29)

PROV record http://tinyurl.com/azt5jac

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Obituary. (1930, March 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64291851

Obituary. (1930, March 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64291851

HADDEN, David and Mary –   Listed on the Passenger list as Haddon, David and settled in the Carapook area.  PROV Link http://tinyurl.com/asvck8q

HEANEY, Robert and Jane – From Ireland, Robert and Jane pioneered at Condah for 52 years.  PROV Link http://tinyurl.com/a5rgakf

Infections Diseases in Animals. (1890, August 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63629135

Infections Diseases in Animals. (1890, August 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63629135

Passing of the Pioneers. (1920, February 5). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64020779

Passing of the Pioneers. (1920, February 5). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64020779

LAVERY Family:    Patrick and Rose and children Ann, Mary and Bernard were from County Armagh, Ireland.   PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/ba6juo3

Patrick and Rose celebrated their Golden Wedding Anniversary in 1900.

SOCIAL. (1900, February 27). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved March 7, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75063691

SOCIAL. (1900, February 27). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved March 7, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75063691

Obituary of Patrick Lavery.

OBITUARY. (1905, November 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72818770

OBITUARY. (1905, November 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72818770

Rose Lavery passed away only days before her fellow General Hewitt shipmate, Mary Lear (below).

OBITUARY. (1903, August 11). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 7, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72841100

OBITUARY. (1903, August 11). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 7, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72841100

LEAR FAMILY:  Thomas and Mary and their children William, Thomas and Mary were from Devon, England.  They had another seven children after their arrival.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/cdeuklp

There was a “take two” with Thomas Lear’s obituary.  The Gymbowen correspondent wrote an obituary published in the Horsham Times on February 18, 1919.  The issue of February 21, 1919 set a few facts straight.

Obituary. (1919, February 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved March 8, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72993062

Obituary. (1919, February 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved March 8, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72993062

Obituary. (1919, February 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72993152

Obituary. (1919, February 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72993152

 McCABE, John and Mathilda:  John and Mathilda, from Ireland, had 10 children after their arrival in Victoria.  They settled in the Sandford district.    PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/d785kzx

McLACHLAN, Mary and Alexander:  The interesting thing about Mary McLachlan’s obituary, that appeared in many newspapers, is that it names her as a passenger on the General Hewitt, with her son.  However, can find Alexander on the passenger list but not Mary.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/d39sg4u

PERSONAL. (1900, January 15). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 – 1931), p. 4. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29526830

Alexander passed away only six months after his mother.

MR. A. MACLACHLAN. (1900, June 27). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article81040451

MR. A. MACLACHLAN. (1900, June 27). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article81040451

McCANN, PETER AND JANE and MARY SMITH McCANN:  Peter and Jane were from Ireland and settled around Sandford.  Mary Smith McCANN also sailed with Peter and Jane.  I am not sure if she was a daughter of the couple as she was six, Peter was 22 and Jane was 30.   PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/botobco

McFARLANE FAMILY:  Andrew and Jane and children George, Elizabeth, Margaret and an unnamed infant.  The McFarlanes did not linger in Victoria very long, moving first to Sydney and later Brisbane.  Their first child born after they moved to Queensland was the first child born in Queensland after its proclamation.  PROV Index http://tinyurl.com/c3kx3dk

PASSING OF THE PIONEERS. (1913, December 20). The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), p. 238. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22219423

PASSING OF THE PIONEERS. (1913, December 20). The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 – 1939), p. 238. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22219423

The McFarlanes also offer a lesson:  Even though a person/s disembarked in a particular port, it does not mean they stayed in that general area or even that state.  The McFarlane’s made it from Victoria to Queensland after only two years in the Australia.

MACKINNON, Lachlan:  Lachlan MacKinnon, originally from Argyllshire, Scotland, arrived with his wife and frankly, proving he was on the General Hewitt has almost done my head in.  He does not come up in a search on the PROV Index, in fact no MacKinnons do.  There are McKinnons that sailed on the General Hewitt, but no Lachlans.

Looking to the Ancestry.com.au index, there was a Lachlan McKenzie and several other McKenzies with christian names the same as the McKinnons found on the PROV Index.  The PROV Index has no McKenzies arriving in 1856.  Given the aforementioned dependencies at Ancestry, do I assume the McKenzies are McKinnons and the Lachlan McKinnon listed is really Lachlan MacKinnon?

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OBITUARY. (1906, September 5). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77583891

OBITUARY. (1906, September 5). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77583891

 

McKINNON FAMILY:  John and Catherine and their children PROV Index  http://tinyurl.com/bn45olf 

NEATE FAMILY:  James and Anne and children Margaret, Julia, Emily, Henry, Albert and Catherine.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/ad5l7hu

No Title. (1909, May 19). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63988049

No Title. (1909, May 19). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63988049

POLAND, William and Eliza.  William and Eliza arrived in Portland with an infant and went on to have another six children and became two of Portland’s best known pioneers.  William wasthe manager of “Burswood” owned by Edward Henty.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/clrhd58

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First Issue, August 20, 1842. (1912, October 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64003159

First Issue, August 20, 1842. (1912, October 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64003159

 

ROULSTON, ROBERT AND JOSEPH:  Trying to pin down Robert and Joseph was difficultEdmond Dwyer mentioned the Roulstons as shipmates and name being well known in the Condah district.  There were also Roulstons at Heywood and I found a reference to that family and the Heaney’s (above).  The Heaney family lived in Heywood for 10 years after arriving on the General Hewitt then moved north to Condah.  Robert and Joseph appear on the PROV Index as Roulstone: http://tinyurl.com/az4b9mt

Heywood's Pioneers. (1938, September 29). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 5 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64280358

Heywood’s Pioneers. (1938, September 29). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 5 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64280358

 

STARK, JAMES AND ELIZABETH:  Newlyweds James and Elizabeth spent their first years in Australia at Penola, South Australia before moving to Lake Mundi near Casterton.  PROV Index http://tinyurl.com/d8n7h6t

OBITUARY. (1917, April 28). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77664546

OBITUARY. (1917, April 28). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77664546

WATERS, JOHN and ELLEN: John and Ellen are indexed as Walters.  They settled in the Nareen district.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/av27lhf

CONCERNING PEOPLE. (1913, April 16). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59253916

CONCERNING PEOPLE. (1913, April 16). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 – 1929), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59253916

PORTLAND RED CROSS. (1917, May 10). Portland Observer and Normanby Advertiser (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88675915

PORTLAND RED CROSS. (1917, May 10). Portland Observer and Normanby Advertiser (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88675915

WATERS, MALACHI AND MARYMalachi and Mary moved around, firstly to Horsham for work and later Portland, Digby and finally Wallacedale. PROV Index http://tinyurl.com/av27lhf

Established August 1842. The Portland Guardian,. (1902, March 12). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63992048

Established August 1842. The Portland Guardian,. (1902, March 12). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63992048

WILSON, Robert:  Robert sailed with his sister Mary Ann on the General Hewitt.  A year later Mary Ann had already lost track of her brother.  PROV Index:  http://tinyurl.com/a48edrr

Advertising. (1857, September 4). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 13, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64569266

If one of your family members sailed on the 1856 voyage to Portland Bay on the General Hewitt, please let me know in the comments.

SOURCES:

Ancestry.com.au

Glenelg and Wannon Settlers

Victorian Public Record Office  – Index to British Assisted Immigration 1839-1871

Trove Digitised Newspapers

Autumn Fashion

The first two months of Autumn in the Western District produce some of the year’s best weather.  There are warm days but a chill is felt in the night air.  By May however, we begin to get a taste of what lies ahead with more wet and cold days.

During the mid 19th century, ladies had to rely on reports from London and Paris for their fashion news.

In 1848,   the “London and Paris Ladies Magazine of Fashion” predicted coloured velvet trimmed for Autumn dresses.  Velvet was also a popular for bonnets.

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FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1848, February 1). Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1847 - 1851), p. 1 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91458993

FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1848, February 1). Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1847 – 1851), p. 1 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91458993

Bonnets trimmed with  fruit were out for Autumn 1851, but flowers such as forget-me-nots were fashionable.  Dresses with open or short sleeves were accessorised with bracelets, emeralds and “medal” charms the suggestion.

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FASHIONS FOR SEPTEMBER. (1850, December 26). The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 - 1880), p. 943. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65576052

FASHIONS FOR SEPTEMBER. (1850, December 26). The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 – 1880), p. 943. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65576052

The styles for Autumn 1853 changed little from the Spring before.

PARIS FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1853, February 12). Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), p. 3. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8772971

PARIS FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1853, February 12). Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 – 1857), p. 3. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8772971

Sleeves were changing in shape during the mid 1850s.  Also, with the change of season, velvet was replacing ribbon on bonnets.

FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1856, January 1). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 6. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4827100

FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. (1856, January 1). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 6. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article482710

 

A sample of Autumn fashion advertisements from the 1860s.

Advertising. (1866, March 15). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 2. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87959303

Advertising. (1861, April 5). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENINGS.. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65446138

Advertising. (1861, April 5). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 – 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENINGS.. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65446138

Advertising. (1866, March 15). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 2. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87959303

Advertising. (1866, March 15). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87959303
Advertising. (1868, April 9). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 1. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87895148

Advertising. (1868, April 9). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 1. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87895148

L.Robinson & Co. of Collins Street, Melbourne had the latest imported Paris fashions for Autumn 1870.

Advertising. (1870, April 23). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 8. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5818692

Advertising. (1870, April 23). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 8. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5818692

Miss S.H. Heazlewood kept the Portland ladies in the latest styles for Autumn 1884 and she offered a dress making service too.

Advertising. (1884, May 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63342665

Advertising. (1884, May 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63342665

Not much has changed almost 130 years on.

Not Possible. (1886, April 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 2 Supplement: Supplement to the Colac Herald. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90352809

Not Possible. (1886, April 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 2 Supplement: Supplement to the Colac Herald. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90352809

In 1889, furs and cloaks were hitting the shops but outside the weather was anything but cold.

LADIES' COLUMN. (1889, March 1). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING, Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE PORTLAND GUARDIAN. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63592223

LADIES’ COLUMN. (1889, March 1). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING, Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE PORTLAND GUARDIAN. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63592223

Two weeks later,  the weather was a little more Autumn like.

LADIES' COLUMN. (1889, March 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING, Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE PORTLAND GUARDIAN. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63622402

LADIES’ COLUMN. (1889, March 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING, Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE PORTLAND GUARDIAN. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63622402

A “pretty” apron from 1892 with a handy pocket and a cheap price tag.

FASHION'S FRIVOLITIES. (1892, February 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO The Horsham Times.. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72722663

FASHION’S FRIVOLITIES. (1892, February 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO The Horsham Times.. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72722663

Colourful straw hats were in vogue for Autumn 1904.

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ABOUT HATS. (1904, March 18). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 7. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87354212

ABOUT HATS. (1904, March 18). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 7. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87354212

Jeanne Paquin was a French fashion designer known for her tailored gowns.  In 1905, her influence was evident in the fashions reaching Australian shores.

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WOMAN'S WORLD. (1905, March 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1 Supplement: Supplement to the Horsham Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72815249

WOMAN’S WORLD. (1905, March 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1 Supplement: Supplement to the Horsham Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72815249

The following dress  from 1907, in a chiffon Panama material, gives us some idea of the sewing skills that have sadly been lost today.  Horsham ladies did not have to go to the city to buy such a dress.  They could order a Buttericks  pattern from M. Thorp & Co of Melbourne.

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LADIES' COSTUME. (1907, April 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1 Supplement: Supplement to the Horsham Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72939046

LADIES’ COSTUME. (1907, April 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1 Supplement: Supplement to the Horsham Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72939046

Shades of purple were popular in 1913, especially for hats and veils.

aut28aut29

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1913, March 26). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93194629

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1913, March 26). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93194629

By 1914, Horsham ladies not handy with the needle were able to buy fashion equal to their city counterparts without leaving town.

AUTUMN MODES. (1914, March 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72900577

AUTUMN MODES. (1914, March 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72900577

Those that suffered for fashion’s sake, would have pleased to see the back of the tight skirt.

OR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1914, April 1). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74224403

OR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1914, April 1). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74224403

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1916, February 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75256133

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1916, February 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75256133

Autumn hats for 1917 had few trimmings, although the white felt hat embroidered with Greek dancing-girls sounds far from plain.

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1917, January 24). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 6. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74519149

FOR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS. (1917, January 24). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74519149

By the end of January 1917, autumn and winter clothing was appearing in the shops, the last thing shoppers wanted to see during a hot summer.  Coat frocks were in and the coatee was flattering for ladies of all shapes and sizes.

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WOMEN TO WOMEN. (1917, January 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 10. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1592469

WOMEN TO WOMEN. (1917, January 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 10. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1592469

WW1 limited the supply of precious stones for jewellery, with diamonds becoming rare and in turn expensive.  Charm bracelets and three stone engagement rings were popular and wedding rings had narrowed.  Earrings were rarely worn and when they were they were a simple stud.

Colours were of subdued tones, fitting for the times.  Suits had few trimmings, relying on a smart cut for style.

aut39

WAR-TIME JEWELLERY. (1917, April 4). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 5. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74520158

WAR-TIME JEWELLERY. (1917, April 4). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 5. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74520158

Tyler’s of Bridge Street, Ballarat. advertised in the Border Watch of Mt. Gambier a fair distance to travel in 1922 for the latest autumn fashions.

Advertising. (1922, April 21). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77674135

Advertising. (1922, April 21). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77674135

Some distinctive 1920s styles.

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AUTUMN FASHIONS. (1923, March 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1884490

AUTUMN FASHIONS. (1923, March 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1884490

There was plenty of colour on offer with the Autumn fashions of 1926, from rosewood to smoke greys and everything in between.  Imitation fur trimmings were popular on coats and handbags.

OUR WOMEN'S CORNER. (1926, March 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73002991

OUR WOMEN’S CORNER. (1926, March 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73002991

A Coolie coat from 1927.

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FASHION FORECASTS. (1928, April 3). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72625587

FASHION FORECASTS. (1928, April 3). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 10. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72625587

Styles from Autumn 1934.

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The Fashion Parade. (1934, February 17). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 23. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46465428

Geoffrey Turton, aka Petrov, was an Australian magazine illustrator and cartoonist.  He worked on publications such as the Bulletin and Smiths Weekly, but also the Australian Women’s Weekly.  The following is an example of work from the Weekly, depicting Autumn styles from 1935.

aut45

The Fashion Parade. (1935, January 26). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 8. Retrieved March 4, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47208042

There was plenty of choice available for Autumn 1935, with ladies able to choose the look they preferred.aut46aut47

The Fashion Parade. (1935, January 26). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 8. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47208042

The Fashion Parade. (1935, January 26). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 8. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47208042

The Fashion Parade. (1936, February 22). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 8. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46942701

The Fashion Parade. (1936, February 22). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 8. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46942701

Friday March 19, 1937 was the date for the opening show of E.S. Finkemeyer’s Autumn and Winter fashions.

AUTUMN AND WINTER SHOW 1937. (1937, March 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73110816

AUTUMN AND WINTER SHOW 1937. (1937, March 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73110816

Black worn with accessories in a new red, “rebel red”, was a fashionable look for 1940.

Treatment of Skirts Shows Variety. (1940, March 6). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 11. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12429983

Treatment of Skirts Shows Variety. (1940, March 6). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 11. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12429983

A promotion for Australian woollen garments during Autumn 1941.

Fashion triumph for AUSTRALIAN WOOLLENS. (1941, March 29). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 21 Section: Autumn Fashion Book. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47483414

Fashion triumph for AUSTRALIAN WOOLLENS. (1941, March 29). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 21 Section: Autumn Fashion Book. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47483414

A cardigan perfect for those cooler March evenings.

Advertising. (1941, April 26). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 5. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47484959

Advertising. (1941, April 26). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 5. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47484959

During WW2, when French and Italian fashion houses closed, America came to the forefront of fashion.

AMERICA LAUNCHES AUTUMN FASHIONS. (1944, November 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 8. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11372401

AMERICA LAUNCHES AUTUMN FASHIONS. (1944, November 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 8. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11372401

Sewing patterns from 1945.

Fashion PATTERNS. (1945, April 14). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 21. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47118096

Fashion PATTERNS. (1945, April 14). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 21. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47118096

The following two suits sure have that 1940s war-time look about them.

FASHIONS FOR THE AUTUMN. (1947, February 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4 Supplement: Woman's Magazine. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22409723

FASHIONS FOR THE AUTUMN. (1947, February 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4 Supplement: Woman’s Magazine. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22409723

This crêpe dress from 1950 was in contrast to the 1947 fashions, above.

No Title. (1950, April 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72801557

No Title. (1950, April 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72801557

In 1955, Tweed fashions for ladies emerged, not just tomboys, as did the jersey dress that washed like a stocking.

TWEED... is a Lady. (1955, February 22). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4 Supplement: THE ARGUS SUPPLEMENT OF EXCLUSIVE MYER FASHION. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71634754

TWEED… is a Lady. (1955, February 22). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4 Supplement: THE ARGUS SUPPLEMENT OF EXCLUSIVE MYER FASHION. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71634754

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The 3-T Gersey Frock. (1955, March 1). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 12. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71642613

The 3-T Gersey Frock. (1955, March 1). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 12. Retrieved February 28, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71642613

Max Factor cosmetics were 40 years old when this glamorous Myer advertisement appeared in the Australian Women’s Weekly.  Hollywood starlets such as Marilyn Monroe and Elizabeth Taylor had made red lips sexy.

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Advertising. (1955, March 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 21. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71641049

Advertising. (1955, March 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 21. Retrieved February 27, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71641049

Ship Mates

The Casterton Historical Society newsletters, as featured in Nifty Newsletters, ran a series of extracts from the book Tales of Casterton: the Waines murder and other stories by Jack Gorman.  In the September 2005 issue, Part 1 of the story stated that convicted murderer George Waines arrived in Victoria aboard the Duke of Richmond.

This is a particularly interesting find as my ggg grandmother, Margaret Diwell, who appeared as a witness at George’s murder trial, also arrived on the Duke of Richmond, along with her husband William.  This answers the question has to how she came to know the Waines, other than the fact they lived reasonably close together.

I have a database of Duke of Richmond arrivals and  I did a search but no George Waines.  I then went to an online passenger list of the Duke of Richmond that I often refer back to.  No George Waines.

So a-Troving I went.  An article from the Bendigo Advertiser, reporting on the hanging of Waines, supported his arrival on the Duke of Richmond.  But there seems to have been a case of mistaken identity Waines was keen to amend before his death.

EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT WAINES. (1860, July 18). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87945170

EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT WAINES. (1860, July 18). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87945170

I did find a George Waines in the Australian Convict Transportation Registers(1791-1868) .  Convicted in Warwickshire,  he left England for Tasmania in 1843.

Back to the Duke of Richmond passenger list.  George’s wife was Jane so I thought I would look at  first names instead of surnames.  Sure enough, there was a George and Jane Whainer both aged 29 from Yorkshire.  George’s age matches his birth date of 1823, but Yorkshire?  Both the  Casterton Historical Society Newsletter and the article above, state George was born in Dorset, England, with the Bendigo Advertiser narrowing it down to Sherborne.

Back to Trove and look what I found:

POPULATION OF THE GOLDFIELDS. (1860, October 22). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87947401

POPULATION OF THE GOLDFIELDS. (1860, October 22). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87947401

George was from Sherburn, Yorkshire, Sherburn as opposed to Sherborne, Dorset.  This and the claim George “was one of the most notorious poachers in the district” helps support something I found on the England and Wales, Criminal Registers (1791-1892).  In 1849, George Waines of Yorkshire was sentenced to  three months imprisonment on a charge of larceny.  Maybe he wasn’t as squeaky clean as he wanted people to believe.  No matter the impression he tried to project, nothing could save him from the gallows.

Using FreeBDM I found a marriage of  George Waines in 1847, registered in the Scarborough district of Yorkshire.  From the same Volume, there are two Janes, Jane Winter and Jane Jewett

That settled, back to the original aim of my post, the friendship between Margaret Diwell and the Waines, particularly Jane.  So it seems they met on the Duke of Richmond, the same ship another set of ggg grandparents sailed on, James and Susan Harman.  The Diwells spent around five years in Portland after arrival, then they went to Casterton in 1858.    The CHS newsletter says  that once in Casterton, the Diwells lived close to both the Waines and the Hunts.  As the Hunts purchased land off George Waines in 1856 at Casterton, the Waines must have arrived in town before the Diwells.

It sounds like Jane Waines would have been a good friend.  The CHS newsletter describes her as “a comely woman, a vivacious personality full of joy and fun…” . George was not described  in such a favourable way, although he did hold Jane in high regard.

EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT WAINES. (1860, July 18). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 4, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87945170

EXECUTION OF THE CONVICT WAINES. (1860, July 18). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 4, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87945170

Of course, I did wonder what happened to Jane after George’s death.  George had thoughts about what she should do.

THE CASTERTON MURDER. (1860, April 30). The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889), p. 3. Retrieved February 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1204764

THE CASTERTON MURDER. (1860, April 30). The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 – 1889), p. 3. Retrieved February 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1204764

On the Victorian Marriage Index, a Jane Waines married Thomas James Brooks in 1861.  From there I lose her.  I can not find a death record for either Jane or a Thomas James Brooks that I can definitely say is them.  I can’t get a lead on the town Jane lived in so that is making it hard to search for her at Trove.  I wonder if she stayed on in Casterton?  Did Margaret Diwell see her again?  Did Margaret and Jane’s relationship falter during the trial period, given Margaret also knew Mrs Hunt well.  So many questions.

As the Harmans were also on the Duke of Richmond, I have a picture in my mind of James Harman back in 1860, then at Muddy Creek, looking up from his paper of choice, maybe the Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser and remarking “Do you remember the Waines and the Diwells from the ship, Susan?”

Portland Pioneer Women’s Book of Remembrance

The obituary of Sarah Jane Wadmore in the January Passing of the Pioneers prompted me to find out more about a booklet she co-authored for the Portland Centenary in 1934, the Portland Pioneer Women’s Book of Remembrance.  I had previously read about it in newspaper reports from around the time.

Pioneer Women of Portland. (1934, May 24). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved January 29, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64285807

Pioneer Women of Portland. (1934, May 24). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved January 29, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64285807

A  Google search led me to the State Library of Victoria website and it was pleasing to see it has been digitised and is available online.  I was even more pleased that ggg grandmother Margaret Ann Diwell (nee Turner) was among the pioneering women of Portland as well as some of those I have featured in Passing of the Pioneers.

The booklet begins with a forward from Alice Frances Moss, a pioneer of women’s rights.  She was the first President of the National Council of Women of Australia and Chair of the Victorian Women’s Centenary Council.

After an offering of appreciation to pioneer women, there is the story of  Mrs Stephen George Henty, the first European woman at Portland, to whom the booklet was dedicated.  She is often called Mrs Stephen George Henty, but let us call her Jane (Pace).

There are the recollections of Mrs George Godwin Crouch (Marianne Trangmar) spanning from 1840 to 1917.  Then, a list of “Worthy Pioneers” compiled by Sarah Jane Wadmore.  Included is one of my favourites, Rebecca Kittson (Mrs William Lightbody) and Mrs Fawthrop, Jane Rosevear, wife of Captain James Fawthrop the life boat captain.

Following is the story of  Mrs Richard Charlton Hedditch and further on, a letter she wrote on Christmas Day 1848, to her parents in England.  Another woman often referred to by her husband’s name, she was Rachel Forward Read.

After some local poetry comes “Belles and Beauties of the Early Days”.  Those included are Misses Henty, Learmonth, Trangmar and Herbertson.

Finally is a list of Portland’s Pioneering Women.  Women born or living in Portland prior to 1864 were eligible.  This is where I found Margaret.  The Diwells lived in Portland for about five years from the time of their arrival on the Duke of Richmond in 1852.

Margaret appears as Mrs William Diwell and her daughter-in-law, Frances Webb,  is also listed as Mrs William Diwell.  Frances just scraped in as she was born in Portland in 1863 to John Webb and Margaret Smith, who is also listed.  This is a useful list as some entries have notes and maiden names.

The oldest pioneer women, recognised separately, include Marion Nunn Jones, Emma Holmes and Anne Beglan.

The photographs in the booklet are of Mrs Jane Henty, Mrs Marianne Crouch, Mrs Janet Laurie, Sarah Jane Wadmore and Mrs Rachel Hedditch.

The booklet also comes as an Archive CD book and is available from the Genealogical Society of Victoria.

Online book – Portland Pioneer Women’s Book of Remembrance 

Christmas 1950s style

The 1950s began and Australian troops were overseas once again, in the Middle East, Malaya, Japan and Korea.   Those efforts, however did not have the same impact on the Australian way of life as  WW2 and to a slightly lesser extent, WW1.  Other happenings of the 1950s were the Melbourne Olympics, television arrived and there was a greater awareness of the U.S. culture.

The 1950s is the last decade that digitised newspapers are available at Trove so the articles do fade away toward the end of the decade, however I have supplemented Christmas 1958 and 1959 with another form of media.

Naval personnel were off Korea for Christmas 1950.  Families could send Christmas greetings by telegram.

Lodge telegrams early for Korea. (1950, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23020826

Lodge telegrams early for Korea. (1950, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23020826

 

The Portland Guardian looked back at the origins of Christmas in 1950.

CHRISTMAS IS WITH US ONCE MORE. (1950, December 21). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY.. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64423565

CHRISTMAS IS WITH US ONCE MORE. (1950, December 21). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY.. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64423565

 

At Brimpaen, Father Christmas paid a visit to the local children.  There were toys, sweets, ice-creams and soft drinks.  Other celebrations were held in the area.

Christmas Toys For Children. (1950, December 22). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72763523

Christmas Toys For Children. (1950, December 22). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72763523

 

The Australian Women’s Weekly was a great source of inspiration when preparing Christmas dinner.

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Christmas Buffet. (1950, December 23). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47806519

Christmas Buffet. (1950, December 23). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47806519

 

The Weekly also promoted “Buy Australian” in 1951 with some Australian made gift ideas.

AUSTRALIAN-MADE Christmas gifts. (1951, December 5). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47808540

AUSTRALIAN-MADE Christmas gifts. (1951, December 5). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47808540

 

The charitable Miss Elsie Davis of Horsham ran a penny drive in Fibrace Street to raise money for the patients of the Wimmera Base Hospital.

CHRISTMAS TREAT PENNY DRIVE TODAY. (1951, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72798806

CHRISTMAS TREAT PENNY DRIVE TODAY. (1951, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72798806

 

Langlands of Horsham had a range of toys in stock for Christmas 1951.

Advertising. (1951, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72798775

Advertising. (1951, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72798775

 

Spending Christmas on the road over Christmas was a costly experience.

CHRISTMAS DINNER WAS A REAL LUXURY. (1952, January 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64430580

CHRISTMAS DINNER WAS A REAL LUXURY. (1952, January 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64430580

Christmas Mail For Service Personnel Abroad. (1952, November 14). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24005182

Christmas Mail For Service Personnel Abroad. (1952, November 14). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 – 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24005182

 

The Horsham Fire Brigade ran a Christmas tree and Santa arrived on the back of a truck.

FATHER CHRISTMAS ON FIRE BRIGADE. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788126

FATHER CHRISTMAS ON FIRE BRIGADE. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788126

 

Horsham shoppers planned ahead for Christmas 1952 and avoided the rush.  Sporting goods were popular gifts and one florist expected to sell 50 dozen bunches of gladioli in the two days leading up to Christmas.  More toys were  mechanised, leading to higher prices.

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SHOPPING RUSH NOT SO BAD THIS YEAR Many Doing Christmas Shopping Earlier. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788030

SHOPPING RUSH NOT SO BAD THIS YEAR Many Doing Christmas Shopping Earlier. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788030

CHRISTMAS DAY APPEAL. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788113

CHRISTMAS DAY APPEAL. (1952, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788113

 

Christmas Day, 1952 was hot in Horsham with a sweltering 97 degrees Fahrenheit (approx.  36 degrees Celsius)

Christmas Day Was 97 Degrees. (1952, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788160

Christmas Day Was 97 Degrees. (1952, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72788160

 

Heywood held Carols by Candlelight on Christmas Eve, 1952 along with the screening of “two suitable moving films”.

CAROLS BY CANDLELIGHT. (1953, January 5). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64433618

CAROLS BY CANDLELIGHT. (1953, January 5). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: MIDDAY. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64433618

 

Could this have been the beginning of the Christmas Club?  Which bank?

Advertising. (1953, September 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72772846

Advertising. (1953, September 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72772846

 

For 10/5/6, parents could by the latest model Steelcraft Tricycle for their child or a wigged doll for 50/9.

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Advertising. (1953, November 11). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72774828

Advertising. (1953, November 11). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72774828

 

The Australian Women’s Weekly has some home-made Christmas gift suggestions for 1953.

CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1953, November 11). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47114408

CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1953, November 11). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 38. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47114408

Merry Christmas. (1953, December 2). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 41. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41080182

Merry Christmas. (1953, December 2). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 41. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41080182

 

Corporal L.V. Eldridge of Horsham wrote a letter from Korea to the “Horsham Times” with Christmas Greetings for Horsham and district residents.

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Soldier Sends Christmas Greetings From Korea. (1953, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72776493

Soldier Sends Christmas Greetings From Korea. (1953, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72776493

 

Fibrace Street, Horsham was decorated with bunting and tinsel for Christmas 1953.  The toys were in abundance on the shop shelves and shoppers found they didn’t have to “pay exorbitant prices for fragile junk in the way of toys”  Interesting, plastics were the “big thing of the day”.  Given time and shoppers were bound to find that the fragile junk of the past was nothing compared to what plastic delivered.

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SHOPS READY. (1953, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72776491

SHOPS READY. (1953, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72776491

 

The Horsham Apex club decorated a “dinkum” Christmas tree (a Norfolk pine) in the Botanic Garden for their Christmas treat for the children of Horsham.

Apex Has "Dinkum" Christmas Tree. (1954, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796148

Apex Has “Dinkum” Christmas Tree. (1954, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796148

Advertising. (1954, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796169

Advertising. (1954, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796169

 

Christmas 1954 was profitable for Horsham traders.

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Christmas Rush Was Profitable. (1954, December 31). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796586

Christmas Rush Was Profitable. (1954, December 31). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74796586

 

Variations on the Christmas tree were beginning to emerge.  I think we can blame plastic for that.

CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS. (1955, December 14). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 57. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48072072

CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS. (1955, December 14). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 57. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48072072

 

The 1950s were the height of the baby boom and Melbourne maternity hospitals were expecting a Christmas rush of babies.

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THERE'LL BE SCORES OF CHRISTMAS BABES JOY FOR SOME —AND TEARS. (1955, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71787632

THERE’LL BE SCORES OF CHRISTMAS BABES JOY FOR SOME —AND TEARS. (1955, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71787632

 

Troops in Japan, Malaya and Korea were given a Christmas treat.

THERE'LL BE SCORES OF CHRISTMAS BABES JOY FOR SOME —AND TEARS. (1955, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71787632

THERE’LL BE SCORES OF CHRISTMAS BABES JOY FOR SOME —AND TEARS. (1955, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71787632

 

Melbournians almost forgot Christmas 1956 due to the hype of the Olympic games in September that year.

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CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1956, November 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71768469

CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1956, November 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71768469

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We're all too busy with the Games FATHER CHRISTMAS IS FORGOTTEN. (1956, November 27). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71768234

We’re all too busy with the Games FATHER CHRISTMAS IS FORGOTTEN. (1956, November 27). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71768234

 

Signs of the American culture filtering into the Australian psyche were evident with this Dennis the Menace cartoon from 1956 an example.

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DENNIS THE MENACE. (1956, December 27). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 7. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71773325

 

The 1950s also meant Elvis and the Argus shared a photo of Presley’s Christmas gift giving with his parents and Vegas chorus girls, Dorothy Harmony,

PRESENTS FOR PRESLEY... (1957, January 2). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 2. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71774164

PRESENTS FOR PRESLEY… (1957, January 2). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 2. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71774164

 

Ballarat pensioners were not forgotten over Christmas 1956.

They had a Xmas treat. (1957, January 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 7. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71774826

They had a Xmas treat. (1957, January 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 7. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71774826

 

The photo in the next article is difficult to see but it is from Penang with “burly” Company Sergent Major J. O’Sullivan, dressed as Santa, entertaining the children of Australian soldiers stationed there.

 

SANTA CLAUS IN MALAYA. (1957, December 24). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), p. 5. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91253618

SANTA CLAUS IN MALAYA. (1957, December 24). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 – 1995), p. 5. Retrieved December 23, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91253618

 

The papers ran out but I was able to find the following from Film Australia about Christmas 1958 from bush to beach.

 

With the arrival of television, Christmas advertisements were able to come to life.

Christmas 1940s style

Christmas during wartime 1940s was bleak especially when Japan entered as National security and economic precautions came into force.  Still, there were many eager volunteers to make sure that Christmas was cheery for all, even the Australians  fighting overseas.

Preparations for Christmas 1940 started early, as volunteers packed parcels bound for overseas troops.

3HA CLUB. (1940, August 29). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64397250

3HA CLUB. (1940, August 29). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64397250

Over 800 people attended a pantomime “A Year in the Navy” at the Horsham Town Hall.

SUCCESSFUL CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME. (1940, December 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73155556

SUCCESSFUL CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME. (1940, December 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73155556

The Australian Women’s Weekly issue of December 21, 1940 featured a fancy Christmas dinner menu.

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CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1940, December 21). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 37 Section: The Homemaker. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47244840

CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1940, December 21). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 37 Section: The Homemaker. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47244840

Noradjuha school children received a treat with a visit from Father Christmas after their Christmas concert performance.

NORADJUHA. (1940, December 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73155694

NORADJUHA. (1940, December 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73155694

The message of “Peace on Earth” returned to the newspapers.

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The Christmas Message. (1940, December 24). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 8. Retrieved December 21, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73155682

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WW2 saw the return of Christmas hampers and in August 1941 volunteers were again donating goods, baking puddings or packing.  Simple items were in the hampers but a soldier in the trenches would have been grateful for a tin of fruit salad on Christmas day.

 

GOODS TO GO IN CHRISTMAS HAMPERS. (1941, August 26). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26547914

GOODS TO GO IN CHRISTMAS HAMPERS. (1941, August 26). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26547914

Miss Harrison’s shop in Camperdown displayed hampers packed ready for dispatch.

CHRISTMAS HAMPERS FOR OVERSEAS MEN. (1941, September 2). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26548028

CHRISTMAS HAMPERS FOR OVERSEAS MEN. (1941, September 2). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26548028

An initiative of the State branch of the Returned Soldiers League saw  Horsham children that had fathers fighting overseas, receive a Christmas party in 1941.  A nice touch was that each father received a letter to tell them of their children’s treat.

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CHRISTMAS PARTY FOR DIGGERS’ CHILDREN. (1941, October 3). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72696036

The Federal Treasure urged employers to give their staff War savings certificates or stamps for Christmas 1941 to support the war effort.

WAR SAVINGS CERTIFICATES AS CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1941, November 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72697527

WAR SAVINGS CERTIFICATES AS CHRISTMAS GIFTS. (1941, November 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72697527

The Williamstown Chronicle of December 19, 1941 said “Merry Christmas” to one and all.

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Christmas !. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 - 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713662

Christmas !. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 – 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713662

Parents had to choose between peaceful toys and war  toys in 1941.  Tanks, submarines and planes increased in number on the toy shop shelves and hats, balls and drums carried patriotic logos.

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Toyland is Divided Over War and Peace. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 - 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713661

Toyland is Divided Over War and Peace. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 – 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713661

Mother always considers Dad’s interests when buying a gift, such as golf clubs or fishing rods, but does Dad think that she may also like a hobby.  Don’t blow the budget though!

GIVE MOTHER A GIFT THAT WILL AID HER HOBBY. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 - 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713714

GIVE MOTHER A GIFT THAT WILL AID HER HOBBY. (1941, December 19). Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 – 1954), p. 2 Supplement: Greetings Our Christmas Supplement. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70713714

Wartime saw a raft of new regulations imposed on citizens and Christmas was not exempt.

SHORT HOLIDAY PERIOD OVER CHRISTMAS. (1941, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698208

SHORT HOLIDAY PERIOD OVER CHRISTMAS. (1941, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698208

Jack Watts of Horsham,  stationed in Malaya over Christmas 1941 wrote home of his Christmas experience.   The nurses of the AIF held an entertaining cocktail party.

CHRISTMAS DINNER ENJOYí. (1942, January 16). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698798

CHRISTMAS DINNER ENJOYí. (1942, January 16). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698798

The work of the Red Cross was often reported on during the 1940s.  On this occasion, they were sending 72,000 Christmas boxes to British prisoners across Europe.

CHRISTMAS PUDDINGS TO GERMANY. (1942, January 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698955

CHRISTMAS PUDDINGS TO GERMANY. (1942, January 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72698955

Private T.M. Holmes of Gorae had a welcome break from stew and rice for Christmas 1941, spent in the Middle East.  A dinner of ham, turkey and plum duff was served by officers while the rank and file gave orders.

Les Hutchins spent Christmas in a hospital in Palestine and was grateful for his Red Cross parcel and the work of the nursing sisters to make sure Christmas for the patients was as happy as possible.

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LETTER FROM OVERSEAS. (1942, February 2). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64378749

LETTER FROM OVERSEAS. (1942, February 2). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64378749

Christmas 1942,  and attention had moved from Europe and the Middle East to closer to home.  Troops were in New Guinea and family could send mail until November 15

Christmas Mail for New Guinea. (1942, November 16). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382762

Christmas Mail for New Guinea. (1942, November 16). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382762

New restrictions were in place  during 1942 and again Christmas was under the spotlight.   Santa was given the year off.

ADVERTISING RESTRICTIONS. (1942, November 16). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382744

ADVERTISING RESTRICTIONS. (1942, November 16). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382744

Printers kept a keen eye out for Christmas terms on their print jobs out of  fear of a £100 fine and/or six months imprisonment.

PRINTER'S PITFALLS. (1942, November 26). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382890

PRINTER’S PITFALLS. (1942, November 26). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64382890

Advertisements were strictly censored as were motion pictures, signs, leaflets,  hoardings and more.

CHRISTMAS SHOPPING. (1942, November 27). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72706611

CHRISTMAS SHOPPING. (1942, November 27). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72706611

Traders were not allowed to employ staff specifically for Christmas trade but boys and girls could be used to free up the adult workforce for war related work.

CHRISTMAS TRADE. (1942, December 7). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64383060

CHRISTMAS TRADE. (1942, December 7). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64383060

Many would have been thankful for the double Christmas tea issue of 1942.

CHRISTMAS TEA ISSUE. (1942, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72706817

CHRISTMAS TEA ISSUE. (1942, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72706817

If Australian residents did not know what austerity was before WW2, they sure did by the end.  The country tightened its belt.  Not only that, a shortage of toys, sweets and books limited shopping. Shoppers opted for practical gifts,  ties and handkerchiefs.

HORSHAM'S AUSTERITY CHRISTMAS. (1943, January 1). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103254

HORSHAM’S AUSTERITY CHRISTMAS. (1943, January 1). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103254

Private Alfred Mitchell, formerly of Horsham, wrote a letter of thanks to Mr Crouch of Murtoa for the hamper he donated for Christmas 1942.  Alf. received  goodies including a tin of cream, dried fruit cake, tooth paste, chocolate, tobacco and kool mints.

As was the norm, Alf and the other members of his unit gave their puddings to the cooks to heat.

Christmas Hamper Appreciated. (1943, February 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103694

Christmas Hamper Appreciated. (1943, February 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103694

At the Horsham Methodist Church during December 1943, the congregation enjoyed the story of the nativity,  prayers for the King, Prime Minister and Winston Churchill and hymns.  The evening finished with a solo of “O Holy Night” by Mrs Wallace.   Christmas lilies, white gladioli, ivy and cyprus decorated the church.

Similar evenings were held at the St John’s Church of England and St Andrew’s Presbyterian church, also in Horsham.

CHRISTMAS MUSIC IN CHURCHES. (1943, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73108233

CHRISTMAS MUSIC IN CHURCHES. (1943, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73108233

The Australian Comforts Fund packed over 400,000 hampers for New Guinea and beyond during Christmas 1943.

Christmas Hampers for Troops. (1943, December 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64387758

Christmas Hampers for Troops. (1943, December 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64387758

 

Christmas 1944 saw a promise of better toys.  Limited materials and labour had reduced the quality during the war period.

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Christmas Toys may Improve. (1944, August 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 8. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11358186

Christmas Toys may Improve. (1944, August 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 8. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11358186 

Portland people were getting behind the Lord Mayor’s appeal to send toys to Britain for Christmas 1944.

TOYS FOR BRITAIN. (1944, September 25). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64390532

TOYS FOR BRITAIN. (1944, September 25). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64390532

 

Cecile Besnard of Olinda won first prize in the 1944 Argus plum pudding recipe contest with a Creole Coffee pudding

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New Christmas Pudding Idea. (1944, November 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11371169

New Christmas Pudding Idea. (1944, November 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11371169

Christmas Decorations. (1944, December 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 10. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11375480

Christmas Decorations. (1944, December 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 10. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11375480

 

Despite the Japanese surrender, Christmas hampers were still in great demand for Christmas 1945.

Christmas Hampers. (1945, September 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 1 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64405473

Christmas Hampers. (1945, September 17). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 1 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64405473

Children that could not remember a Christmas before the war looked forward to celebrating a “real” Christmas in 1945.  Santa was back and made in-store appearances.  Sadly the toys were still inferior and the dolls thought ugly enough to scare little girls.

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Children To Have Real Christmas. (1945, November 14). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 10. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12153002

Children To Have Real Christmas. (1945, November 14). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 10. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12153002

Gift suggestion articles were back as retailers got back into the swing of Christmas trading.  Dad could expect a brush, socks or even a wool dressing gown worth 44/6 and 8 coupons.  If mum was a smoker, maybe a lipstick shaped lighter or for something different, why not a shower curtain?

Give Them for Christmas—. (1945, December 11). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 7. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12157846

Give Them for Christmas—. (1945, December 11). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 7. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12157846

Gas was in short supply in 1945 as was poultry and ham.  On the bright side dried fruits, almonds and holly sprigs were back.

CHRISTMAS PROBLEMS FOR THE HOUSEWIFE. (1945, December 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 12. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12159361

CHRISTMAS PROBLEMS FOR THE HOUSEWIFE. (1945, December 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 12. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12159361

After years of penny-pinching and low-key Christmas days,  shoppers were out in force in 1945.

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PEOPLE BUYING HEAVILY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1945, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12159834

PEOPLE BUYING HEAVILY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1945, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 3. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12159834

Toys were plentiful, but English mechanical toys were in limited supply and beach toys were unobtainable.

CHRISTMAS TOYS PLENTIFUL. (1946, October 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 18. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22390326

CHRISTMAS TOYS PLENTIFUL. (1946, October 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 18. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22390326

Carols By candlelight was growing in popularity, so the Horsham City Council decided to introduce their own for Christmas 1946.  May Park was the proposed venue.

CAROLS BY CANDLELIGHT. (1946, December 10). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73080615

CAROLS BY CANDLELIGHT. (1946, December 10). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73080615

POULTRY SALES. (1946, December 16). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 4 Edition: Afternoons.. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65438306

POULTRY SALES. (1946, December 16). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 – 1954), p. 4 Edition: Afternoons.. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65438306

Christmas was brighter in Australia, but in Britain the situation was still grim.  Gifts of food could be left at the Camperdown branch of the Red Cross in Manifold Street.

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Christmas Food For Britain. (1947, December 15). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 1 Edition: Afternoons.. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65243667

Christmas Food For Britain. (1947, December 15). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 – 1954), p. 1 Edition: Afternoons.. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65243667

Was this the beginning of what used to be almost annual event?  Brewery workers went on strike just before Christmas 1947.

CHRISTMAS BEER HOW ASSURED. (1947, December 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 1. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22529758

CHRISTMAS BEER HOW ASSURED. (1947, December 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 1. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22529758

The Red Cross provided transport for patients at the Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital to return home for Christmas 1947.  Trucks, cars and ambulances drove patients to towns such as Dunkeld, Port Fairy, Colac and Terang.

AT HOME FOR CHRISTMAS. (1948, January 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73087674

AT HOME FOR CHRISTMAS. (1948, January 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 8. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73087674

The Australian Women’s Weekly had personal gift giving ideas and a new cook book offer in their December 4, 1948 issue.

Our cookery book will make a wonderful Christmas gift. (1948, December 4). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 34. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51389595

Our cookery book will make a wonderful Christmas gift. (1948, December 4). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 34. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51389595

DIGGER DOINGS. (1948, December 31). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73093199

DIGGER DOINGS. (1948, December 31). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73093199

Father Christmas arrived on a bike for the Portland Kindergarten play-group Christmas party.

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1949, January 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64417285

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1949, January 20). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64417285

Radio 3HA ran a hospital appeal on Christmas day 1948 and due to its success, repeated it in 1949.

Xmas Radio Appeal for Hospitals. (1949, December 1). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64420168

Xmas Radio Appeal for Hospitals. (1949, December 1). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64420168

December.  What a month!

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Editorial. (1949, December 3). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 18. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51594508

Editorial. (1949, December 3). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 18. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51594508

The December 17,  1949 issue of the Australian Women’s Weekly had recipes for Almond Snowballs and Chocolate date log and Christmas table presentation ideas.

Christmas. (1949, December 17). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 53. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51600533

Christmas. (1949, December 17). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 53. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51600533

 

The Argus also had Christmas table hints and a recipe for Rabbit pâté.

Your Christmas Table. (1949, December 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4 Supplement: The Argus Woman's Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22799645

Your Christmas Table. (1949, December 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4 Supplement: The Argus Woman’s Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22799645

 

Horsham traders were not experiencing a Christmas rush in 1949 and cooler weather had slowed the sale of summer clothing.  Barnetts, however, saw a rush on that ever popular Christmas gift, handkerchiefs.  Men’s dressing gowns were also selling well.

NO CHRISTMAS BUYING RUSH BUT TRADING IS STEADY. (1949, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103040

NO CHRISTMAS BUYING RUSH BUT TRADING IS STEADY. (1949, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 20, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73103040

Christmas 1920s style

A new decade dawned with a sense of hope and positivity.  Would the decade end in the same way?

Christmas 1920 and the first example of mass marketing I have come across as I’ve  moved through the decades and it came from Kodak. The advertisements promoted Kodak cameras’ convenience which could give lasting memories of holidays long after they were past.  Even a child could use it.

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Advertising. (1920, December 6). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022869

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The Salvation Army’s charity work at Christmas was attracting more attention in the papers during the 1920s.

CHRISTMAS TREATS. (1920, December 9). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022893

CHRISTMAS TREATS. (1920, December 9). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022893

The Portland Guardian Christmas editorial of December 23, 1920 had it all.  Christmas from a religious perspective, the need for positivity,  forward movement and encouragement to buy local products.  Industrial disputes, prominent during the 1920s in Australia are also mentioned as was Santa with the suggestion that if Santa could not  find a suitable Christmas gift in  the Portland shops, he wasn’t up to the task.  Luckily there was the clarification that Santa has been in the job too long for them to question his abilities.

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Portland Guardian. (1920, December 23). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022977

Portland Guardian. (1920, December 23). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022977

It was hot in the Western District during Christmas 1920 and this brought people out on to the streets of Heywood.

Heywood. (1921, January 3). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64023002

Heywood. (1921, January 3). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64023002

Spencer Street Station (now Southern Cross Station), Melbourne would have been a sight at Christmas time with crates of live poultry of various types lining the platforms.  This report comes from Christmas 1921.

THE CHRISTMAS GOOSE. (1921, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72727852

THE CHRISTMAS GOOSE. (1921, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72727852

The war was over but help was still needed by the many returned servicemen, many facing unemployment.

CHRISTMAS CHEER. (1921, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4611429

CHRISTMAS CHEER. (1921, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4611429

The ladies of the Horsham Church of Christ had gathered together homemade goods to sell at their annual Christmas sale of 1922.

SALE OF WORK. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742565

SALE OF WORK. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742565

Photographs were a popular gift suggestion for Christmas 1922.

Advertising. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742578

Advertising. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742578

Barnes the Chemist of Horsham had ivory goods and hair tidies and were also an agent for Kodak, the camera to suit all purses.

1920kHorsham experienced the coldest Christmas for years in 1922.

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1922, December 29). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742806

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1922, December 29). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742806

Shoppers fell over each other to get the best Christmas poultry at the Bendigo Auction markets in December 1923.

POULTRY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1923, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737714

POULTRY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1923, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7273771

As seen above, turkeys were the more expensive type of poultry for Christmas 1923 and were considered “a forbidden luxury”.

OUR CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1923, December 15). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 21. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1994780

OUR CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1923, December 15). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 21. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1994780

The Argus of December 18, 1923 offered Christmas gift suggestions in the “Woman’s Realm” column.  French embroidery dressing table mats looked “charming” on a glass-topped table.  The Christmas handkerchief was always welcome with some relying on a handkerchief gift to replenish their supply. Telephone book covers and patience card sets were also suggested.

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    WOMAN'S REALM. (1923, December 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2000447MLA citation

WOMAN’S REALM. (1923, December 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2000447
MLA citation

Christmas 1923 in Horsham sounded a little brighter than 1922.  The greenery on shops and the ladies’ summer dresses added to the splendour of the fine weather.

CHRISTMAS EVE IN HORSHAM. (1923, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737815

CHRISTMAS EVE IN HORSHAM. (1923, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737815

The annual Christmas treat at May Park had grown into a popular Christmas Eve fixture in Horsham by Christmas 1924.

CHILDREN'S CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1924, November 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72752604

CHILDREN’S CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1924, November 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72752604

The shopkeepers of Portland were competing for a prize of one guinea from the Mayor for their Christmas 1924 window displays.

CHRISTMAS EVE WINDOW DISPLAY. (1924, December 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64106332

CHRISTMAS EVE WINDOW DISPLAY. (1924, December 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64106332

If you were wanting a step by step guide to preparing a 1924 style Christmas dinner, this is it.  Worth reading if you have a mother in law or sisters visiting.  Failure to take heed could see your reputation as “a good housekeeper…hang on a thread”.  This really is priceless and is a wonderful insight into domestic tasks of the 1920s.

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WOMEN to WOMEN. (1924, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2090278

WOMEN to WOMEN. (1924, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2090278

Christmas 1925 was looking disastrous for the parishioners of the Horsham Church of Christ when they heard the news that Father Christmas was stranded at Dooen Hill after his plane had broken down.  A rescue party was sent  and he eventually arrived with presents for all.

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1925, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011596

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1925, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011596

Goodwill and good business marked Christmas 1925 in Horsham.   The reporter also noted that the pine boughs on the shop verandah posts served the purpose of stopping people propping up the posts, “Australia’s favourite duty”.

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1925, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011820

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1925, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011820

While the night soil man and his family innocently enjoyed a hearty Christmas dinner of two geese thanks to what he thought was a generous Christmas box, the true owners lamented that things don’t always turn out the way one expects them to.

NICE CHRISTMAS PRESENT. (1926, January 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73000513

NICE CHRISTMAS PRESENT. (1926, January 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73000513

A. and P. Glover of Horsham opened an extra shop during Christmas 1926 to cater for the increase in trade.

CHRISTMAS TOY CARNIVAL. (1926, November 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017110

CHRISTMAS TOY CARNIVAL. (1926, November 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017110

A Christmas story from Horsham, 1926.

HER CHRISTMAS LETTER. (1926, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017834

HER CHRISTMAS LETTER. (1926, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017834

The Border Watch. (1926, December 23). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77688066

The Border Watch. (1926, December 23). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77688066

Father Christmas of Balloon Land?? wrote a letter to the Editor of the Portland Guardian to announce his visit to the Portland Free Library.

OUR LETTER BOX. (1927, November 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64259155

OUR LETTER BOX. (1927, November 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64259155

Mr. G.C Perring  advised Horsham residents that he was taking orders for Christmas Cakes for the 1927 celebration.

CHRISTMAS CAKES. (1927, December 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72999479

CHRISTMAS CAKES. (1927, December 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72999479

The Post Master General’s department distributed three million of the following posters in 1927.

CHRISTMAS POSTER. (1927, December 10). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 33. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3897110

CHRISTMAS POSTER. (1927, December 10). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 33. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3897110

The Christmas Box Art Union were selling Australian made Christmas cards.

Christmas Cards. (1928, October 22). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64267379

Christmas Cards. (1928, October 22). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64267379

The Argus Shopping Page offered a range of last minute gift ideas.  Interesting items listed under the heading “Sweets for Children” were bunches of grapes and pink radishes along with tool sets and chocolate telephones.

"THE ARGUS" SHOPPING PAGE. (1928, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3976851

“THE ARGUS” SHOPPING PAGE. (1928, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3976851

Every shop in Horsham had taken the trouble to decorate for Christmas 1928.  People were beginning to feel the pinch as the decade drew to a close.

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1928, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72681761

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1928, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72681761

Only weeks on from the Wall Street Crash of 1929, Jim Scullin was insisting that Australians buy Australian.  With high unemployment, the crash and a trade deficit of 10 million pounds there was a sense of urgency to stimulate the local economy and create jobs.  Examples of the products imported were £400,000 of serviettes and linen and £46,000 of playing cards.

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1929, December 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4054513

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1929, December 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4054513

Santa dropped in at the Laverton Air school in December 1929.

MODERN FATHER CHRISTMAS. (1929, December 7). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 17. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4055264

The Argus of December 13, 1929 offered tips on getting through Christmas during a time of “financial stringency”.  Christmas trees ranged in price from 5/6 to 7/6 but a cheaper option was pieces of bamboo or hardwood placed in a pot and adorned with pine needles or asparagus fern.

1920rr

1920ss

"THE ARGUS" SHOPPING PAGE. (1929, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4056538

“THE ARGUS” SHOPPING PAGE. (1929, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4056538