100 Anzac Heroes

My side project, “Hamilton’s WW1” has reached a major milestone with 100 published stories of Hamilton men who enlisted to serve. Just as the group of “Hamilton Boys” photographed below were a diverse bunch, so are their stories.

'HAMILTON BOYS' c 30 April 1915. Photo Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. Image no.DAOD1060 https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/DAOD1060/

‘HAMILTON BOYS’ c 30 April 1915. Photo Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial.  https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/DAOD1060/

WHY THEY ENLISTED…

Early on most Hamilton men enlisted for adventure and to answer the call to serve their King and country. As time went on, it was a duty to brothers and friends who went before and made the ultimate sacrifice.  There was still the adventure factor, but mostly among the younger men desperate to follow their older brothers to war. They didn’t know the reality, shielded by censorship and urged on by propaganda.  So keen was nineteen-year-old George Basil Lance to enlist in 1916 and unable to obtain his mother’s permission, he crossed the border and enlisted in Adelaide as twenty-four-year-old Lance Basille  For other men, enlistment was an escape from sadness, grief or societies glare.

WHO THEY WERE…

The lives the men were leaving behind varied greatly too.  Some were husbands, fathers, and widowers already experienced in life’s hardships such as George McQueen (below).  

GEORGE WILLIAM McQUEEN. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial

GEORGE WILLIAM McQUEEN. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial

Others were mere children. Ivan Shaw (below) eighteen at enlistment thankfully did return home but any of his boyish innocence was stolen away during three years of service.

Ivan Thomas Shaw. Image Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. Image no.

IVAN THOMAS SHAW. Image Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. Image no.

They came from loving homes and broken homes while others were born out of wedlock and raised by grandparents. They were rabbiters and drovers, teachers and law clerks.  There were the privileged and well-educated having attended Victoria’s leading private schools.  And those less fortunate for whom an education beyond the local state school was not an option.

 

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AT WAR…

Just as their lives at home were different, so were their war-time experiences.  Some served from Gallipoli through to the last days of the war and were lucky to see the shores of Australia again but most were broken physically and mentally and early deaths were common.  There were those killed in the first month at Gallipoli and others during the last throes of the war when hopes were rising they would see home again.  There were others who died in Melbourne or England before reaching the battlefields.  

Some were killed instantly, while others lingered with wounds or succumbed to common illnesses such as pneumonia or the more exotic malaria.  Others were killed during the first action they faced, their eyes still wide from the horrors unlike those hardened from a string of battles. Those men suffered too. Pozieres proved even the most dedicated man could lose his sense of purpose, question officialdom and maybe begin to buck the system. They were buried in France and England, Syria and at sea. Many of their bodies were never recovered and the only evidence they lie on foreign soil are their names on memorials at Lone Pine, Villers-Bretonneux and the Menin Gate. 

THEIR STORIES…

Hamilton’s WW1 offers a snapshot of life in all towns and cities across Australia during those war years and the men are indicative of all Australian men who enlisted. You can read the stories of the Hamilton men on the link-Hamilton’s WW1 or via the “Hamilton’s WW1” tab at the top of this page. There you will find a link to all names of enlisted men with Hamilton connections. Click on those underlined to read their WW1 story. Visiting the Hamilton WW1 Memorial page will take you to various Hamilton war memorials.  Again, any of the underlined names are those with a completed story.

Hamilton’s WW1 Facebook page offers a daily article from the Hamilton Spectator from 100 years before and the stories of the men are posted on significant anniversaries during their service.

Even though I’ve reached this milestone, it’s not time to stop.  There are still over two hundred men from Hamilton, just as deserving to have their stories told.  I also cannot forget Hamilton’s WW1 nurses and I will begin adding their stories soon.

9 thoughts on “100 Anzac Heroes

  1. Hello Merron,

    Always look forward to your posts on Western District Families.

    Noticed you have information about Daniel Denis Sheehan, “Dan” is my great uncle, his sister Julia is my grandmother. You also mention his brothers Luke and James Thomas (birth registered as James ‘Obediah’ Sheehan).

    There is another brother birth name Jeffrey Charles Sheehan but changed to Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan, and also have seen references as Jeffrey Geoffrey Sheehan. Charles migrated to New Zealand, married and died there. Why did he go there , I dont know. Generally very little was spoken about the family.

    My mother and an aunt both said that my nan was the youngest of 13 children to John Sheehan and Fanny Bourke. I am aware of 11 children and suspect two may have been stillborn, and no apparent birth or death registrations.

    I have copied and pasted notes I have about Jeffrey, should they be of interest to you.

    birth reg as “Jeffrey Charles Sheen”, aka Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan, Jeffrey Geoffrey Sheehan

    Name: Jeffrey Charles Sheen Father’s name: John Sheen Mother’s name: Fanny Bourke Birth Place: Hamilton, Victoria Registration Year: 1885 Registration Place: Victoria Registration Number: 3064

    “Went to NZ and never heard off again”. Source K Egan’s notes.

    PAPERSPAST…NZ S.M. COURT. Bush Advocate, 6 May 1909 ..described as a horsebreaker, was in a hotel, after leaving at 10pm, was in a group asked to move on by local constable , however one returned to pub to buy 2 bottles of beer, the publican was charged and fined.

    Papers Past — Dominion — 16 October 1916 … paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=DOM19161016… A young man named Horace James Doig was charged with having stolen a rolled gold watch and a metal watch, the property of Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan. Held in custody pending further inquiries about his record.

    Appears on NZ Army Reserve Rolls 1916-1917, as a contractor of Pongoroa, Akitio. Name: Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Residence : Akitio Year: 1916 Reserve Roll: 1st Division Recruiting District: Wairarapa

    Jeffrey Geoffrey Sheehan, Regimental No 37948 also appears as Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan, Reg no 37948, note Godfrey becomes common second name. Enlisted NZEF, WW1, posted to Machine Gun Corps NoK mother Mrs F Sheehan, Hamilton, Victoria, Australia Address, Pongaroa, Akitio., Occupation contractor

    Cenotaph Record Full Name Jeffrey Geoffrey Sheehan Forename(s) Jeffrey Geoffrey Surname Sheehan War World War I, 1914-1918 Serial No. 37948 First Known Rank Private Occupation before Enlistment Contractor Next of Kin Mrs F. Sheehan (mother), Hamilton, Victoria, Australia Body on Embarkation New Zealand Expeditionary Force Embarkation Unit 23rd Reinforcements Specialist Company, Machine-Gun Section Embarkation Date 2 April 1917 Place of Embarkation Wellington, New Zealand Transport HMNZT 80 Vessel Corinthic Destination Plymouth, England Nominal Roll Number 57 Page on Nominal Roll 25 Archives NZ source Military personnel file Sources Used Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume III. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1918

    From Army Documents, Enlistment (Attestation) Form Enlisted 13 Oct 1916 as Jeffrey Geoffrey Sheehan, a notation on original Attestation form states name wrongly attested and should read Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan, however on Discharge form name is still recorded as “Geoffrey”. Next of Kin mother, but “also advise” Miss L. Dynan, 67 Kent terrace, Wellington, a friend. Date of birth stated as 7 December 1888, ‘apparent age’ 27 years 10 months. (Actually born 1884) Place of birth stated as Halifax, Nova Scotia!! Why? Discharged 8 February 1919, intended address c/o A Robinson, Martinborough. Discharge also states place of birth as Hamilton, Victoria, Australia Address 1924 on War medal form c/o A Robinson, Martinborough Will detail held by Solicitors, states he is formerly of Porangahau, Hawkes Bay, NZ

    Marriage Reg 1932/8181 Hazel Inglis Todd Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan New Zealand, Marriage Index, 1840-1950 about Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Name: Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Gender: Male Relation: Bridegroom Marriage Year: 1932 Marriage Place: New Zealand Folio Number: 3260

    New Zealand, Marriage Index, 1840-1950 about Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Name: Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Gender: Male Relation: Bridegroom Marriage Year: 1932 Marriage Place: New Zealand Folio Number: 3260

    Death Cert states resided NZ 45 years, thus arriving c1899 has 2 daughters age 9 and 1, and one son aged 12. Aged 36 when married at Wellington.

    Electoral Rolls 1905, Herbertville, Manawatu-Wanganui ?is Jeffery, is near Akitio. 1919, Tutrumuri, Martinborough, labourer (North Island Wellington district) 1935, 29 Thorndon Quay, Wellington, Coal dealer 1938, 175 Tory st, Wellington Central, coal dealer, also this address Hazel Inglis Sheehan, “married”.

    Died 1944 Reg 29703 Death Notice ROLL OF HONOUR Evening Post, Volume CXXXVIII, Issue 143, 14 December 1944, Page 1, states husband of Hazel, father of Bernard, Doreen and Janette

    Buried Karori cemetery, stone says died 14 Dec 1944 age 50, but would be 60 Headstone Photo on file, Last name SHEEHAN First name JEFFREY GODFREY Age 50 Years Occupation PENSIONER Service date 15/12/1944 Service provided Burial Cemetery Karori Section SOLDIERS Plot number 14 L/3 Record number 90233

    PROBATE Will dated 5 Jan 1942 address, 4 Entrance Street, Wellington, NZ all to wife Hazel Inglis Estate 1025 pounds Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Probate Records Name Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Event Type Probate Event Date 1945 Event Place Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand Residence Place Wellington Occupation Pensioner Agency AAOM Series Number 6030 Series Name Wellington Probate Files [Second Sequence], 1843-1939 Item Code R23138765 Record Number 15647 First Image Number 926 Last Image Number 943 Number of Images 18

    Other Electoral rolls

    Hazel Inglis Sheehan is wife 1938, 175 Tory street, Wellington Central, married 1949-1954, 114 Lorn street, Invercargill 1957, Rosetta Rd, Raumati beach, Otaki, widow (Otaki near Wellington North Island) 1963 as 1957 No 230 Rosetta Rd 1969-1981, 11 Churchill St, Levin, Otaki, widow,

    Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan in the New Zealand, Death Index, 1848-1964 Name: Jeffrey Godfrey Sheehan Death Date: Oct-Nov-Dec 1944 Registration Place: Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand Folio Number: 4346

    Many regards, keep up your good work

    Dan Egan

    Lavington, NSW

    Like

    • Thanks for that Dan. I saw Jeffery Charles on the Vic BDM when I was looking up how many children the Sheehans had but didn’t take him any further. I’ve found his NZ service record and added him to the list.

      Like

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